Monday, May 28, 2018

Objectionable contents of the GOP order-2018 - Requiring wide consultation with populations and Intellectuals in GB


3. Elimination of exploitation.- The Government shall ensure the elimination of all forms of exploitation and the gradual fulfilment of the fundamental principle, from each according to his ability to each according to his work.

5. Obedience to this Order.- Obedience to this Order and law is the inviolable obligation of every citizen, wherever he may be, and of every other person for the time being within Gilgit-Baltistan.

7 Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of Fundamental Rights to be void.-(1) Any law, or any custom or usage having the force of law, in so far as it is inconsistent with the rights conferred by this Chapter, shall, to the extent of such inconsistency, be void.

(2) The Government shall not make any law which takes away or abridges the rights so conferred and any law made in contravention of this clause shall,to the extent of such contravention, be void.

(3) The Provisions of this section shall not apply to any law relating to members of the Armed Forces, or of the Police or of such other forces as are charged with the maintenance of public order, for the purpose of ensuring the proper discharge of their duties or the maintenance of discipline among them and no such law nor any provision thereof shall be void on the ground that such law or provision is inconsistent with, or repugnant to, any provision of this Chapter.

(4) The rights conferred by this Chapter shall not be suspended except as expressly provided by this Order.

33. The Governor.- (1) There shall be a Governor of the Gilgit-Baltistan who shall be appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister.

43. Conduct of business of Government. (1) All executive actions of the Government shall be expressed to be taken in the name of the Governor.

46. Exer cise of Powers by the Prime Minister.- The Prime Minister shall perform his functions and exercise his powers in such manner as may be prescribed by rules made by the President

60. Legislative Powers.- (1) Subject to this Order, both the Prime Minister and the Assembly shall have the power to make laws,-

(3) The Prime Minister shall have the powers to adopt any amendment in the existing laws or any new law in force in Pakistan subject to the legislative competence under sub-section (2).

61. Obligation of the Prime Minister and the Government.- (1) The executive authority of the Government shall be so exercised as to secure compliance with the laws made by the Prime Minister which apply thereon.

62. Directions to Government in certain cas es. (1) The executive authority of the Government shall be so exercised as not to impede or prejudice the exercise of the executive authority of the Prime Minister, and the executive authority of the Prime Minister shall extend to the giving of such directions to the Government as may appear to the Prime Minister to be necessary for that purpose.

(2) The executive authority of the Prime Minister shall also extend to the giving of directions to the Government as to the construction and maintenance of means of communication declared in the direction to be of national or strategic importance.

(3) The executive authority of the Prime Minister shall also extend to the giving of directions to the Government as to the manner in which the executive authority thereof is to be exercised for the purpose of preventing any grave menace to the peace or tranquility or economic life of Gilgit-Baltistan or any part there

64. Acquisition of land.- The Government of Pakistan may, if it deems necessary to acquire any land situate in Gilgit-Baltistan for any purpose, require the Government to acquire the land on behalf, and at the expense, of the Government of Pakistan or, if the land belongs to the Government, to transfer it to the Government of Pakistan on such terms as may be agreed mutually.

102. Power to issue proclamation.- (1) If the Prime Minister, on receipt of a report fromGovernor or otherwise, is satisfiedthat grave emergency exists in whichthe security of Gilgit -Baltistan is threatened by war or external aggression or by internal disturbances, in which the Government cannot be carried on in accordance with the provisions of this Order, the Prime Minister shall issue Proclamation of Emergency, hereinafter referredto as the Proclamation.

(2) On the issuance of the Proclamation the Prime Minister may assume to himself, or direct the Governor to assume on behalf of the Prime Minister, all or any of the functions of the Government, and all or any of the powers vested in, or exercisable by, any body or authority in the Gilgit-Baltistan, other than the Assembly
GOP order 2018 on GB

Sunday, May 27, 2018

Diamond Jubilee Goals

Points for discussion and consideration - Meeting between Mr Bolani Chairman AKRSP and Brigadier Hisamullah Beg former VP ICP.
Date and Venue: 24th May 2018, Boardroom TPS Serena Islamabad
In presence: Mr Javed Iqbal Coordinator UNDP for AKDN
1.   Three targets for AKRSP
2.    Issue of a public document in the context of goals assigned at the time of launching.
3.   Diamond Jubilee goals covered by MHI.
4.    Individual Idea Demonstration Projects for study and adoption by Institutions.
5.    Civil Society Learning Material Compiled by AKDN and it's implementation on Priority.
6.   Networking of LSOs.
Action Points:
Issue of operating manuals to all VO/LSO's/WO on the basis of CIVIL SOCIETY LEARNING MATERIAL by AKRSP.
Demonstrate the idea demonstration to be shown to AKRSP on completion.

Monday, May 7, 2018

Gist - Posts on my blog towards advocacy on:


      Knowledge society:
aa.  
bb.                        
2.    Egalitarian society, social order, civil society and Political action
p.     
3.    Political action
p.     
4.    Reorientation
i.        
5.     Road Map
q.      
6.    Status of Gilgit-Baltistan:
g.      

Thursday, May 3, 2018

A guide to military drones

Every military specialist agrees that Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, or drones, are the future of warfare - but what are the major types of drone and who makes them? DW explains.

US Reaper drone (Getty Images/I. Brekken)
The research and development departments of the world's defense companies have barely begun to explore all the different uses for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV), or drones.
And governments, aware of this, are growing increasingly keen to find out what else they can do. In early June, the European Commission came up with a new plan to hand out 1.5 billion euros ($1.7 billion) of taxpayers' money to arms companies every year to develop new military technology.
And yet from the handheld Black Hornets to the 40-meter wingspan of the Global Hawk, military drones are so varied that no single company, or even country, dominates their manufacture. And while some 90 countries have drones in their military arsenals, only 11 of these have armed drones. Here are the basic types and where they come from.
Infografik Guide to military Drones
Micro- and nano-drones
Insect-sized spy machines may have become part of the furniture in blockbuster movies, but they've also been hovering over real battlefields for several years. The most obvious example of such a drone is the 1-inch-by-4-inch Black Hornet, which British soldiers have been using to look over walls and around corners in Afghanistan since 2013.
LUNA drone in Germany (picture-alliance/dpa/W. Krumm)
The German military favors the German-made LUNA drone for reconnaissance
Launched from a box kept on a utility belt, the soldier can control the tiny helicopter from a small handheld terminal, which also shows images from its three cameras.
The Black Hornet, manufactured by the Norwegian company Prox Dynamics, can hover for up to 25 minutes on one charge of its battery, and the digital data link to its terminal has a range of up to a mile (1.6 kilometers). In 2014, the company augmented the Black Hornet with night-vision and infra-red.
Small tactical drones
Even if a soldier can't carry a drone in his pocket, he can toss one up in the air. This would be possible, for example, with the FULMAR, a lightweight surveillance drone that flies for around 12 hours and a range of 90 kilometers, depending on what it is carrying. 
The whole FULMAR series was developed by the French aerospace multinational Thales mainly for what drone specialists call ISTAR, or Intelligence, Surveillance, Target Acquisition and Reconnaissance capabilities.
Another drone in this class is the Aladin, made by the German company EMT, though this only has a range of 15 kilometers. The US Army's preferred small tactical drone in this class is the Raven, made by US company AeroVironment.
Heron drone taking off from Comalapa International Airport in San Salvador (U.S. Army/J. Ruiz)
The Israeli-made Heron drone has been deployed round the world by a number of militaries
Medium-sized reconnaissance drones
The vast majority of military drones, the "work horses," as Ulrike Esther Franke, drone expert at the European Council on Foreign Relations, calls them, are medium-sized, medium-range flying robots used for ISTAR purposes.
These drones, like the larger surveillance drones, are often also known as MALE or HALE drones - acronyms that stand for Medium Altitude Long Endurance or High Altitude Long Endurance.
One of the key drones in this class is the Heron, made by the Israeli Aerospace Industries (IAI) - some of which the Bundeswehr is intending to lease. This drone, which weighs over 1,000 kilos and has a wingspan of over 16 meters, can fly for up to 52 hours at a height of 10,000 meters (35,000 feet) - around the same height as a commercial airliner. The US, Canada, India, Turkey, Australia, and Morocco have all bought Herons for tactical and reconnaissance use. 
The German military also uses the LUNA, made by the German company EMT Penzberg. This reconnaissance drone, which the Bundeswehr has relied on for several thousand hours of flight time in Afghanistan and Kosovo since 2000, is much cheaper than the Heron, but its range is only around 100 kilometers. Pakistan and Saudi Arabia have also bought LUNAs.
Global Hawk drone of the US Airforce (picture-alliance/dpa/Northrop Grumman)
The Global Hawk is the biggest military drone, used mainly for surveillance
Large combat and surveillance drones
Probably the most well-known military drones are the large-scale combat drones used by the US, which are all operated from US soil by pilots via a satellite link-up. The Predator, and its larger, newer cousin, the Reaper, both MALEs made by the US firm General Atomics, are armed and used for controversial extrajudicial killings in countries where the US is not officially at war.
Reapers can be armed with various air-to-surface missiles, as well as laser-guided bombs, have a range of over a thousand miles and a maximum non-stop flight time of 14 hours. Apart from the US, several other NATO air forces operate Reapers, including those of the UK, Spain, France, and the Netherlands. The Chinese-made rival, the CH-4, which looks very similar to the Reaper, has been bought by Egypt and Iraq.
The Global Hawk, meanwhile, made by the US firm Northrop Grumman, boasts some spectacular ISTAR capabilities and is by far the largest and most expensive of the drones. Unit costs have reached $131 million, even without the ground infrastructure. The Global Hawk flies above commercial air traffic at an altitude of up to 18,000 meters.
Though it is usually used over conflict zones, the Global Hawk's main purpose is not even necessarily military - it is capable of signals surveillance - in other words, scanning mobile phone calls.
Though Northrop Grumman is the only company that currently produces drones of this size, it is likely to face competition in the future, especially from the Chinese CH series, made by the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC). Europe is also developing its own version of the Global Hawk, the Euro Hawk, though the program was initially cancelled because of spiralling costs and problems gaining flying permission in German airspace.